There is also Hindu new year And Kali Puja, the day when the mighty goddess of material energy is worshipped. Thus, Diwali is celebrated differently in all manifestations of Hinduism. Diwali date depends on the moon, but usually from mid-October to mid-November.
Hindu Scriptures say that the good results of devotion to God are multiplied when good deeds are done in this Holy month. Kartika, of course, equally respected by all Hindus, regardless of gender, race, nationality, sexual orientation or St. William says: "with regard to the appearance of Karthikai (God of war), he was born from two male gods (Shiva and Agni). He is revered as an eternal bachelor with his male companion Visakha.
At different times, we talked about homosexuality in pre-Columbian America, LGBT people among the indigenous peoples of the North and the Far East, and the history of gay people in Eastern Europe. Let's go back to the old gray times and see what role another major civilization of the ancient world-Assyria - played in LGBT history.
Assyrian state-one of the oldest in world history. It originated in the XXIV century BC and existed for two millennia. In XI-VII centuries BC Assyrians seized Babylon twice and eventually annexed it to their Empire. At the last stage of its development, the so - called new Syrian power (XVII century BC) covered the lands of modern Iraq, Turkey, Palestine, Cyprus, Syria, and some time-even Egypt. Therefore, Assyria is considered to be the first multinational Empire in the history of mankind.
Like other States of Mesopotamia, Assyria has reached a high level of culture, had developed a writing system, counting system, leaving to posterity a rich literature and architectural monuments. Its inhabitants left outstanding literary heritage and amazing engineering constructions, and also works of art to descendants. The Assyrians lived by its own laws and traditions. And, of course, they had their own attitude to human feelings - including same-sex ones
As well as other civilizations of antiquity, Assyria accurately regulated not only public, but also private life of the person - and same-sex communications too were sometimes mentioned in the legislation. One of the Assyrian laws Dating back to 1075 BC contained the first prohibition of same - sex relations-however, it concerned only the military. There it was said that if someone looks with his brothers in arms, it should be turned into a eunuch-that is castrated (the Code of the Assura, I - 20 / Ancient History Sourcebook, Fordham Diversity). However, it is obvious that the attitude to homosexuality was ambiguous: on the one hand, some forms of intimacy were condemned, while others were quite approved and allowed, including in the homosexual scene took place during mystical rituals.
Moreover, according to some reports, sometimes same - sex couples even openly asked the blessings of the gods in the temple-preserved some of the texts of such appeals (see Wenham, G. J. Old Testament Attitude to Homosexuality, Expository Times, September 1991, p. 360). At the same time, as in ancient Greece and Rome, the active position was considered preferable for an adult male Assyria was a major military power, where the ideals of masculinity were strong enough. Men feared, that their regard too feminine, and so for them was undesirable to accept on themselves passive, i.e. female role. Although, of course, at the household level it didn't particularly matter.
By the way, in the temples there was even a special temple prostitutes-men who were called "assinnu", and which, as a rule, just had to take the passive role, serving those who come to the temple men. They also participated in various ceremonies, rituals and religious activities. At the same time, entering into connection with other men, they just had to assume a passive role. Thus, the requirements of the masculine ideal did not apply to them, and in their midst there was a kind of subculture, which was a place of gender variations, the dressing up and make-up. And it is in this environment that gay people, as well as those we would call transgender today, can Express themselves freely.
Interestingly, many Assyrian priests were homosexual, perhaps even transgender-it was believed that they had the right to behave in a feminine way, to enter into relations with men, to approach the Mother Ishtar and get from her magical power. The priests of the cult of Ishtar often dressed in women's clothing, performing music and dancing, and the ceremony in which they took part, in modern language, often wore homoerotic character
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