Although the Oxford English Dictionary has included a series of LGBT+-inclusive terms to their dictionary, there is one definition that caused controversy among LGBT people. Aside from adding the likes of trans (in a wide meaning), ambisexual, asexual (is defined as “without sexual feelings or associations.”http://gaynewseurope.com/en/2018/05/21/new-lgbt-related-addition-to-oxford-dictionary/ Lets discuss
At the turn of the XIX-XX centuries in scientific views on male homosexuality there was a turn from condemnation of "sodomy" from moral and religious positions to the desire to understand the underlying psychological causes of same-sex love. Progressive philosophers and sexologists of the time considered homosexuals or men with mental retardation (Freud), or representatives of the "third" sex, with a female soul in the male body (Hirschfeld). In contrast to his contemporaries, who perceived homosexuality, if not as a disease and a crime, certainly as an anomaly, the German philosopher Hans Blucher (Hans Bluher) believed that male same-sex relations are neither more nor less than the cornerstone of human civilization.
At the beginning of the XX century works by Hans Blucher shocked conservative Germany of the era of Emperor Wilhelm. Based on a wide range of popular ideas of his time - from psychoanalysis to eugenics - Blucher put forward the thesis that the state and culture arose due to the attraction of men to each other, and homosexual relations are the highest manifestation of this attraction.
The sexual-philosophical ideas of Hans Blucher can be considered the Genesis of the mixed and highly controversial social environment in which he lived. Blucher was born in 1888 in the then German province of Silesia in the family of a pharmacist. When Hans was eight years old, the Blucher family moved to the Berlin suburb of Steglitz. Childhood and youth spent in the Berlin suburbs, deeply influenced the young man and determined his whole life and philosophical path.
At the beginning of the XX century, Steglitz became known throughout Germany as the place of the first "youth movements". The youth movements, which United, as a rule, people from wealthy families of burghers, emerged as a manifestation of children's protest against the overburdened bourgeois culture of parents. Young Germans at the turn of the century did not understand and did not accept such values of the generation of their fathers as blind worship of material success, devotion to the monarch and religious traditions, the power of habit in everyday life and prudish sexual morality.
Youth movements promoted the departure from the life of the burgher and return to the bosom of nature, supported sports and the disclosure of the potential of his own body. It was within the youth movements that the culture of "free body" or nudism (it. Freikorperkultur). Participants in the youth movements walked in the joint hikes, sleeping in tents, singing songs around the campfire - in a word, having free time away from the parental hearth.
Predominantly same-sex nature of youth movements-initially they consisted of only boys, only later, and not without scandals, there were some clubs for girls - could not but cause scandals and gossip in the burgher environment. Moralists have noticed the fact that young people-members of the movements-usually spend all their free time with each other and avoid the presence of women. It was not left without attention and that direct movements, as a rule, bachelors. As a result, youth movements were forced to constantly fight back against accusations of "homosexual propaganda" coming from conservative circles.
Hans Blucher was one of the first participants of the "youth movement" at the age of fifteen years he enlisted in staglisce club "Migratory birds" to the list of members which it was entered under number 33. In the course of numerous hikes in the mountains and forests of Germany, he became personally acquainted with the founders and masterminds of the movement - Carl Fisher and Willie Jansen. Subsequently, it was Fisher and Jansen who pushed Blucher to write the history of youth movements.
The first and second volume of the history of "migratory birds" came out in 1912-1913 and immediately produced the effect of a bomb. Challenging the homophobia that existed in conservative Germany, Wilhelm II, the author did not hide the fact that within the movement the connections between young people were not only friendly and Platonic. Recalling his youth in steglich school, Blucher recalled that sexual contact between peers-the students were there common. The unthinkable was the only connection with the boys under the age of majority. According to Blucher, it is the erotic attraction of young men to each other contributed to the consolidation and cohesion of "migratory birds".
Developing thoughts about the erotic beginning in youth movements, Blucher argued that the basis of any society and culture are the links between men. On the contrary, the relationship between men and women is merely a continuation of the family and is of no importance for the formation and development of civilization. Homosexual tendencies are not an anomaly, but rather the highest manifestation of male solidarity, which is the basis of all social development.
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