ALCOHOLISM

geoff
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Re: ALCOHOLISM

Postby geoff » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:32 am

Alcoholism-a disease that occurs with the systematic abuse of alcohol, characterized by mental dependence in intoxication, somatic and neurological disorders, degradation of the individual. The disease can progress and with abstinence from alcohol.
In the CIS, 14% of the adult population abuse alcohol and another 80% moderately drink alcohol, due to certain drinking traditions formed in society

lenny
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Re: ALCOHOLISM

Postby lenny » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:34 am

Such factors as conflicts with relatives, poor living standards, inability to realize themselves in life often lead to abuse. At a young age, alcohol is used as a way to feel inner comfort, courage, to overcome shyness. In middle age is used as a way to relieve fatigue, stress, get away from social problems.

lenny
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Re: ALCOHOLISM

Postby lenny » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:35 am

The first stage of alcoholism. For the first stage of the disease is characterized by an increase in doses and frequency of alcohol. There is a syndrome of altered reactivity, in which the tolerance of alcohol changes. Disappear protective reactions of the body from overdose, in particular there is no vomiting when using large doses of alcohol. With strong intoxication, palimpsests are observed-memory lapses. Psychological dependence is manifested by a feeling of dissatisfaction in a sober state, constant thoughts about alcohol, raising the mood before drinking alcohol. The first stage lasts from 1 year to 5 years, while the attraction can be controlled, since there is no syndrome of physical dependence. A person does not degrade and does not lose the ability to work

markus
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Re: ALCOHOLISM

Postby markus » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:37 am

Complications of alcoholism in the first stage are primarily manifested by the liver, there is an alcoholic fatty degeneration. Clinically, it is almost not manifested, in some cases, there may be a feeling of stomach overflow, flatulence, diarrhea. To diagnose a complication can be to increase and dense consistency of the liver. When palpation edge of the liver is rounded, it is somewhat sensitive. With abstinence, these signs disappear

geoff
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Re: ALCOHOLISM

Postby geoff » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:39 am

Complications of the pancreas is acute and chronic pancreatitis. At the same time, abdominal pain is noted, which is localized on the left and radiates into the back, as well as decreased appetite, nausea, flatulence, unstable stool. Often alcohol abuse leads to alcohol gastritis, which also has no appetite and there is nausea, pain in the epigastric region.

lenny
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Re: ALCOHOLISM

Postby lenny » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:40 am

Alcoholism of the second stage has a period of progression from 5 to 15 years and is characterized by increased syndrome of altered reactivity. Tolerance of alcohol reaches a maximum, there are so-called pseudo, their frequency is not associated with the patient's attempts to get rid of addiction to alcohol, but with external circumstances, for example, the lack of money and the inability to get alcohol.

lenny
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Joined: Thu Oct 06, 2016 4:14 pm

Re: ALCOHOLISM

Postby lenny » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:41 am

The sedative effect of alcohol is replaced by an activating one, the memory lapses with the use of a large amount of alcohol are replaced by a complete amnesia of the end of intoxication. In this case, daily drinking is explained by the presence of a syndrome of mental dependence, in a sober state, the patient loses the ability to mental work, there is a disorganization of mental activity. There is a syndrome of physical alcohol dependence, which suppresses all feelings except the attraction to alcohol, which becomes uncontrollable. The patient is depressed, irritable, inoperable, after taking alcohol, these functions become in place, but the control over the amount of alcohol is lost, which leads to excessive intoxication.

markus
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Re: ALCOHOLISM

Postby markus » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:43 am

Treatment of alcoholism in the second stage should be carried out in a specialized hospital, a narcologist or a psychiatrist. A sharp refusal from alcohol causes such somatoneurological symptoms of alcoholism as exophthalmus, mydriasis, hyperemia of the upper body, tremor of the fingers, nausea, vomiting, relief of the intestine, pain in the heart, liver, headaches. There are mental symptoms of the degradation of the individual, the weakening of intelligence, delusions. Often there are anxiety, night anxiety, convulsive attacks, which are the harbingers of acute psychosis-alcoholic delirium, popularly called " white fever»

geoff
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Re: ALCOHOLISM

Postby geoff » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:44 am

Complications of alcoholism of the second degree from the liver are represented by alcoholic hepatitis, often chronic. The disease is more common in a persistent form than progressive. As well as complications at the first degree, hepatitis shows little clinical symptoms. You can diagnose a complication by gastrointestinal pathology, there is a severity in the epigastric region of the stomach, the right hypochondrium, there is a slight nausea, flatulence. When palpation, the liver is compacted, enlarged and slightly painful.

geoff
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Joined: Tue Oct 11, 2016 4:17 pm

Re: ALCOHOLISM

Postby geoff » Tue Jul 17, 2018 4:53 am

Alcoholism is a serious chronic disease, which is characterized by dependence on the use of alcoholic beverages at the psychological and physiological level. As it develops, the control over the volume of drunk is lost, tolerance to alcohol grows (to become intoxicated, you need to drink more alcohol than before). There are signs of hangover and toxic damage to the internal organs. Long-term alcoholism has a negative impact on the functioning of the brain and Central nervous system – there are psychoses, memory disorders and inhibition of thinking.


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